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             Ѻҡ
෤Ԥ 㹡èСù  
   ͹蹡ͨШ ҧ ѡõͧҡ ͷº§ѹ á繡è Ẻ§ ѺѾ ᷹Ш
A
çѺ
, , , , ,
   繡èӤѾ跹
A =
cab( )
fabled( -Դ )
 
harass( -ë- )
Mach( )
 
call( )
merchant( - )
   §ͧѾ Ф¢ͧѾ Ъ㹡è¢ ЪШҹ ੾ѡ÷աüµѡ ö͡§§ EAR= , , 繵 ѧ¨ӤѾ ѡɳСС͡§ѡ ੾Ф ա ѡ -ERI+(A,E,O,OU) = -- ,( -), (-) series= ( - ) , period= ( ´)
    Сèѡº§ѹ 繷еͧء йӾǡ ѡҡ A, E, I, O, U ա˹觤 Y ֧ѧ÷ѡɳ§੾ 繺ҧ -LE, DU,S 繵 зѡ աüٻ § ˹ٻẺͧü ǹѡþѭ ֧աüẺ ѡеµ §ѭз͹

   ǹù ͡èѹ֡СѾ ᷹Шѹ֡Ẻ
Would(ٴ) you() give(տ) me() a() kiss()?

   ¡âմ ѡйӡӡѺ 繡ê㨡СѾ çҧͧѾ¢ ҧ

    

   ǹ˹ա͡§ѡ ѭѹ㹡СѾ ͧµ ( V ) .ҧѡ÷աѹ 繡÷ӢѧࡵѾ ѧѺҹ Ѿӹաѡѹ ССѭйա ҧ

  { -դ }
   кҧѾҨաâմ鹢 ( | ) 觡СѾ ͧµ͡÷Ӥ 㹡СѾ ҡ ҧ

  { Թ¹ }
 ͺҧѾҨ شѡ ( . ) ѡ 㹡ҡ§ С ͤǺ 繡÷ӢѧࡵӤѾ ҧ

  { ʪѹ },   { Թ൴ }
 ͺҧѾҨ âմҵѡ ( / ) ѡ ա͡§㹡С ͤǺ 繡÷Ӣѧࡵ㹡Сѡ ҧ

  { Ź },   { Ρ}
   Сý֡ҹ Ż¤ѧ Ẻ鹰ҹ
 
   ǡý֡ ҹ Ż¤ѧ Ẻ鹰ҹ ͻ¹㹡 㨡ùѾФҧ¤
     áй˹ѧѧɨҡ ˹ѧ¹ ෤Ԥº§ѡ§ Ѻѧ ͡С Ѿ Сͺ㹡ý֡ҹ ҨйӨԧ ͡˹ѧͷաŻ¤Ҵ¨д 繢ҧԧ㹡Ť ѧࡵ ˹ ֡ҹҡѾ ѧ ֧ ÷Ѵ *ŵç*


ǤԴͧ ͹㨤¢ͧ¤ ҵͧ㨤¢ͧѧ ͧФӷҧ¤ Ẻ͹ ѡҧ 繻ª㹡ҧû¤ ͹з֡ѡҡó ԧҨеͧẺ˹ СèԴ¤ ԴҡùӤФҵѹ繻¤ ͨͤҧҧ˹ ͹ Ѵٴ Ҩ繷еͧ¹ѡҡó͹ ͹Ѵٴ 㹤繨ԧ ¢ͧФ н֡ٴ¤Ҿٴ ͹ зѡ ҾٴẺ ѹͤá
¡ҧ 蹤 "ѹ" ҵͧ¢ͧѹ¶֧úҧ " ͵š, §ͧͧ, ä ͼ͹, ҪѺѡ" ͷҤӹҧ繻¤ҧ
     "ѹʹѹѺͧ;ٴѧ "
     "ѹѺѹ§ѧ "
     "ѹ͵˹¹"
     "͢ѹѹѡ˹" 㹻¤ դ˹سºҧ 蹤 , ͵, ѡ, ͧ
С÷Ż¤ѧ㨹 ѺǨ繻¤ѧ çҧͧ ӹǹͧẺ˹ ººѺ Ѵٴӹǹ ( ӹǹ ¶֧ ¤ӷº§,, ¤ӷ١ҡó դç¤ӹѡ 繷㨡ѹ Թ㨼ѧ 繶¤ӷзѴѴ ѡ繶¤ԧºº) ҧ " Թ͡, ˹ͻШ, 繤á, 繵չ 繹, ˹ԧ, " ӤФҵӹǹ й任Сͺ㹻¤ͤ·ҵͧú͡͡
     ҵͧ"ٴ͡˵ءóպѧѺ" ҡٴ "͹鹩ѹҡоٴٴ оٴ仡͹ӷҡ" ҵͧŤФ㨵ç仡͹ ͹ӹǹ ѹդͶ֧
  繻¹㹡÷㨡ùӤѾФ ҧ繻¤ ͧèͤͧҧ ẺѴӹǹ ͨͤ·ͧҧ
   շҹҧҹ͹ѧɷҹ˹ ҶҨ֡ѧ ŵçǨҡѧ ѧ դ »¤׷ سõͺ»¤ 繻¤ѧ õͺ»¤ѧ СẺçǹ˵ѡӷҼԴ
     繴¡Ѻ "դ »¤׷ Ҥõͺ»¤ Ҷ»¤ѧ õͺ»¤ѧ " Ѻŵçǹ ѺҤèŵç ͨẺ һ¤ҹѡйӤ Фҧ繻¤ҧ ШоͷҤ¢ͧ㹻¤Ѿ м繻¤ӹǹ ͧҷ͹ѹ µçǢͧ ҨйӤФҧ´ҧ ҧ "Can you speak Thai?" ӹǹ˹觢ͧѡ "سٴ" 繡ùӤФҧ͡ѹ繻¤ ŵç "ö-س-ٴ-?" ҡͺӹǹѧ դ"" ͺ "Yes, I can ! " ŵç ",ѹ-ö!" ẺçǷ˵ѡ ҼԴ ԴҡŵçǺӹǹ˹ Ѻա˹ ͹ҧѹ繻¤͹ѹ Ҥسͺӹǹ " ٴԴ˹ " "speak able little bit", "speak can few" ͵ͺ "Snake Snake Fish Fish" ŵç " ٧ٻһ " س繤µͧ㨤¹͹ Ҥس繤ҧҵԡͧ͹ ͧ繧繻Ҵ
    ǡŵçǤ㹻¤ѧ 鹰ҹẺ 㨡ùӤѾФҧ繻¤ Ẻ ºѺӹǹ·"ͧǵͧǵҵ" դ: ѡоĵԵ ФµաâѴ駻С
   ¡ҧ ùӤФҧ¤ ӹǹ Ѻӹǹѧ դ͹ѹ 㹡ҧӹǹ鹨Ѿѡ㹡ҧӹǹ
   ӹǹ¶֧ "оĵԵѺ һоĵԡҧ 㹷 ͧоĵԵ 仢Ѵ׹͢ҧ "
        ӹǹѧ "When in Rome do as the Romans do."
        ӹǹ   "go into city squint-eyed must squint-eyed follow" ͧ ͧǵҵ
  ӹǹ¶֧ " Դͧ¢ ֧Դͧѹѧ "
        ӹǹѧ "Lock the stable(barn) door after the horse is stolen."
        ӹǹ   "cow lost build stalls" ͡
  д˵ع ֡ѡ ֧ҡӺҡ ѡŻ¤ӹǹդ¨ԧẺ ͨоٴ ҹ ѧ ҡѺҧ¤ӹǹẺѧġ
  Ѵٴѡ ҡþٴ ѧ ҹẺѡ͹ ͹㨤·ԧͧ¤͡ Ẻ
   "ö" С 㹡¹ " ö" ѡ¹С繤 --ö ͨ¹͡繤 ö
  ˹-з-س- "Where do you live?" ӹǹ· {سԵ˹}
   ʴ, ҧ--س-ѧӷ "Hello, how are you doing?" ӹǹ· {ʴդѺ, ʺ´ / Ѵҧúҧ}
   س----ӹҭ "You will soon be proficient " ӹǹ· {سЪӹҭ}

÷н֡ зӤ㨤¢ͧ ͻ¤ѧչ
    ͹ý֡ԴŢͤӹǹŢ ҹ˹ѧ ͧٴ¢ͧѧɹ͡ 㨤Ź ҡþٴѧġ͡ ѹ ҧ蹾ٴ "Is your job hard?" դӹǹ {ҹͧسӺҡ} ¾Ť Ẻ繷ա [ -ͧس ] [ ҹ-Ӻҡ? ] [ ] [ ͧس-ҹ-Ӻҡ ] ٴ樹ҵͧٴ㨤¢ͧ¤ѧ ФФ ǡѹѺ͹ٴ͡
ҧ Ҿٴ¤ѧ "What have they done?"
ǡѹ [-] [ǡ-] 㨤¢ͧѹ {÷ǡ} ·Դ鹾ѹѺͺҾٴ¤͡

÷Ӥѧɷ ͷЪǧ ջªҧ?

 㹡ý֡ѧѺ ǹ˭ѡн֡ͧӤѾ 繷Ф
People=餹(Ъҡ), Express=ʴ͡, their=ͧǡ, personalities=ؤԡҾ, in=, clothe=ͼ, car=ö
աó ҷѡн֡ͧѹ駻¤ ѹ駻¤ա
     The fear of death is more to be dreaded than death itself.
     (㹤¹繡ö١觡ҡèԵŧͧա)

     People express their personalities in their clothes and their cars.
     (餹ѡʴ͡ؤԡѡɳТͧǡͼö)

   Ͷ֧ҷҵͧӤѾͧ繤 ҧ¤ ҡѺѹҧ繻¤ ҨӤӤѾѹⴴԹ աҧѹѺӤѾ öª 繵Ǫ ҷҨҧ¤ ѡй֡ ͡ ҧ Ҥ蹤˹ҵ˹ҵѧ ǨШҧ ҧ˹¡ѹⴴ 仡͹

   Express clothe car (ʴ͡ ͼ ö)

   ͡÷ͧӷ駻¤ ҡöӷ駻¤һءٻ¤ա͹ѹ ͧѹ駻¤Ẻ ͹÷ͧФ ա駡繡ҡзӤ㨷駻¤ Ѻ鹷ա

   ҽ֡ѹ繷 ͷЪǧ ѹ繡ç㹡ù
繻ªҡ 㹡ҧ¤ Чµ͡÷Ӥ ¤ ҧѺ㹡ҧ ѡСͺ㹻¤ҧ
(have you been / you have been / would like to / Would you like / there is / Are here / how to / going to / Do you know / I like to / your car / can you / as soon as / can you tell me / may I / I have / over night / over that / I will / have to / fill out )
繡Ѻ öѲҹ繡зӤҷ駻¤§¢ӴѺ
   㹡 ͪǧ ѡ ͧ ( ] ) 㹡 ҧ
     The fear of death ] is more ] to be dreaded than ] death itself.
     (-ͧ- ]] --Ҵ- ] -µѹͧ)

     About how many ] Toyota cars are there ] in the world?
     (ҳ-ҧ-ӹǹҡ] µ-ö¹ - - ] -ӹӪ੾-š) *how many=ӹǹ / are there=*

     People express ] their personalities ] in their clothes ] and their cars.
      (餹-ʴ͡ ] ͧǡ-ؤԡѡɳ ] -ͧǡ-ͼ ] -ͧǡ-ö)

лѭ˹觷辺 ѡеԴҷͧӤ ٴáѺ ҷͧӤվҡҨоٴ͡Ѻҡ ѹٶ١ǹ˹
Ҷ֧зͧҡ ҡѧٴáѺ ҷͧӤѾⴴԹ ÷ҨйӤѾͧ ҧǴШҹ Դҡ§ Ф·
    small talk =þٴ¤ʹԷʹ (͹÷ѡ¡ѹ ѹԹǡѺ ӧҹҧ䧺ҧ) , casual = ºѧԭ , stranger = š˹ , colleague = ҹ
Ͷ֧ҨԧͧӤѾҹ ˹Ҩйѹѹͧҹ֡͹ ҹӤѾͧèзͧͧ§Ѻ Ҥѹ繡ç㹡ùШ ͧ繤ʷФԴ 仨ӤѾẺⴴ ºѺèẺ§ ҨẺ˹ª

   Small talk is ] a casual form of conversation.
    What ] can we say ] in casual conversations with ] strangers or colleagues ] we meet in the lift?

ºѺ (šѵ) ¶֧ ТͧšդԴҡ鹡 ǹҧ ͧšöԴ Ҥҧѹдǡҡ Фԭ˹ҷҧ෤մҹФҤ / ǹ˭·ԧͧѹ ҵͧͧѹⴴ ԹѧӹСͺ㹻¤ ա (ššѵ / ѧšѵ / ؤšҶѵ) йѹ ¡Ѻ ͪ¨й ҧ   "ءѹաþٴ֧šѵѹҧҧҧ" öѹ駷ѧ¢ͧѹ

    You are ] stranger for me.
    س- ] š˹-Ѻ-ѹ.

    She is ] my colleague.
    ͹- ] ͧѹ-ҹ.

    What small talK ] is it mean?
    -硹-ٴ ] -ѹ-¶֧?

    I meet him casual ] at the toilet.
    ѹ--Ҽ-ºѧԭ- ] .-ӹӪ੾-ͧآ.

    Why ] do I have to ] small tall with you?
    ] з-ѹ-- ] 硹-ٴ-Ѻ-س? **have to= 繵ͧ**

  աҧ˹ѹ͡ҵͧþ Դ١ Ф¨ ͵ͧä١ͧҡó͹繤 ͺṹ ԴҶ١ͧҡó ١

ᵡҧͧ С÷Ӥ㨤¢ͧͻ¤
   Ҥ¶Ҿٴпѧ "ҧö֧оٴпѧҧس Щѹҧ䧡ѹ ͨй֡Ѿ֡·"
ҨѺӵͺ˹觨ҡҤ "ѹѹѹ繤 㨻´ͧ ҨйӤӤѾҧ¤ҧ ͷͶ֧ ѹͧҧ" ҡЧ Ѻӵͺ !!!?????????????.........
   ѡԤҡè㨤¢ͧ¤鹵ͧ ѹءӹ鹶֧㨻¤ ѹ١ͧѡ

   ÷ѹءͻª йӤФҧ繻´ҧ ŢͧФҨйѹҧ
   觨ᵡҧѺ÷Ӥ㨤¢ͧͧ͢¤ ͧҡ÷㨤¢ͧ¤ ԴҡФӷҵ
ѹ㴤˹ ҧҺ͡ **ѹͧ繤** ҧ蹤 "ʴդѺ ҹء" 㨤¢ͧͻ¤ еͧѹءӴ
   ѡҵͧѹءӶ֧㨻¤С ͧӡŷء
ʴ ¶֧ (, ԭͧ, ʹ, ӷѡ;ٴ;ͨҡѹ)
Ѻ ¶֧ (ѺŧҧҾ)
¶֧ (ӷ᷹ 觷͹)
ҹ ¶֧ (ҵ˹ѧ ͡§˹ѧʹ㨤ҡ˹ѧ ѧࡵ;ԨóҴ Ť ¢ͧѡ͡繤Դ йӤԴԴª)
ء ¶֧ (˹ ͧӹǹ)
¶֧ (, ǹШ¢µ ҡѹ)
    Ҩ СҡҨ㨤һ¤ҵͧͤ "ӷѡҧҾͧ¡Ѻ˹ͧŤ ͡§ѡ 㨤ҡ˹ѧ"

    ÷ͧѹ繤 ͧҤѹҡ¹ Դҡ÷ŢͧФӨ 㨤»¤ͧѹ騹ͧѹء仹ͧ ҧӶͧ˹ ǡѺѾ What ¶֧ ѹդӵͺ㹵ѹͧ
й ѹ֧2㹡÷Ӥ
1.Фͻª㹡ùӤѾҧ¤ (ѧࡵ ͡÷͹ѧɨ价ͧ ŤӤѾҡ͹͹)
2.¢ͧͻ¤ ԴҡФӵ͡ѹͤ㴤˹ (ѧࡵ ͡ü͹ѧɨҷͧ¤ ѹ㹤㨢ͧӹǹ)
  ºº㨧 ҧ蹾ǡӹǹ 繵չ 繹 çѺӹǹ (ǡѹҷѹ觡ѹСѹ ) з ͧ繤 Ҩդѹç ͵ҧ¹ /ö/ Here you are. Here you go. դ· {ͧس} {سѺ}
 ѧ㨡Ѻ价ӤǢ ÷н֡ зӤ㨤¢ͧͻ¤ѧչ

   ˹ҧЪѧҡ ѹ繾ǡ Genius Practice Practice Practice Practice and ֡ ѡ Ҩҡ鹡ͧҧҹ鹶֧ӡӴ 駷繨ԧǡԴҡ еͧ áѺ ͹Ѻ ֡¤ ͧѧࡵҡǡ͹ѧɪǵҧҵǹ˭ ͹ǡѡ¾ٴ¡ѺǡҴҡѡ ѡҾٴѧɡѺ͡繡ý֡ Ҩԧٴ¡Ѻ ҡҡѡ 駷ǡҡ͹㹻» ѧáѺҴ Ҿǡѧöѧ᷹ 㹡ôԹԵ㹻ҡҡѡ

    ͧԴҡ͹... Ҥ͹ҷ¹ѧ ҡ͹ "ҨТѹѹҡ价 ѧ繵ͧ ѹ价 պ˹" ӵͺͧ͹աѧ㹡¹ҡ鹤 "ҷ෡Ѻѹҡѹ 价ҧա ҡ"
 
ʧǹԢԷ ͹حҵ͡ »ȨҡԹҡ ͹ت ҾþԾѲ ѡɳѡ (..2546-2549)

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